Senin, 15 Maret 2021

Magot, the hottest feed aquaculture at the moment

Magot, the hottest feed aquaculture at the moment

Foto: istimewa

If we look at everywhere, even for budikdamber, people know that they can hold on this natural feed. 
Want to be productive using limited space by culturing fish? Check. But how to be productive culturing fish while can be also harvesting vegetables and using your ‘homemade’ feed? Looking at tutorials on how to culture your fish at home, at small living space in your home, what is a cheap, easy to get, but nutritious feed that can you give to your fish? Yes, ‘magot’ can be a solution.
How to Adjust in Pandemic
Before we way go further with this term, as we know right now terms ‘fish culture at home’ and even ‘culture at limited space’ became more popular than years ago. Simple, there are covid-19, lockdown, or quarantine. These words often be said casually and commonly at the moment amongst people. More than a year after the outbreak of this pandemic into the world, people forcefully but slowly habituate themselves into the ‘three words routine’. 
For people who normally go to works in five days in a week, adjusting themselves to work more from their respective home (work from home/wfh). Adapting into this new normal condition, people tend spend their everyday routine into new routines that still can be productive. 
One of routines that we can see, people keep themselves busy by culturing fishes in small area at their respective homes. Naturally we can hear and see more and more people searching, learning, and applying innovative and creative fish culture technology in small space at home. From the culturing technique onto the harvesting technique. 
Many people referencing small space fish culture, the simplest way right now had been known as budikdamber (fish culture in bucket). Just in one bucket, people not also culture fish such as catfish or tilapia, but also farm vegetable such as common kale.
Somehow, there are conversations and discussions on how to reduce any other costs that they can reduce but still can be efficient and effective culture. Feed, as we know, basically the famous term amongst farmers as the most contributors in fish culture. “that feed often being more than 60 % of cost component at aquaculture,” said Gemi Triastutik, Secretary General of Directorate General of Aquaculture, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (DJPB KKP) in webinar about Black Soldier Fly (BSF) part 3 from Dewan Guru Besar IPB recently. 
Therefore, people at their home being creative as they are, developing their own way to make alternative fish feed from BSF maggot. Researchers, practitioners, even farmers in their youtube channel giving the idea to utilize their ‘homemade’ maggot to be fish feed. 
It is simple as it is, by utilize their organic waste from their homes, they turned the waste with the help of BSF. Maggot that grow from there can be optimized as alternative feed. While the waste itself can be optimize further as natural fertilizer for plants. 
Marjono, magot technician at Center of Research and Development of Ornamental Fish Aquaculture (BRBIH Depok) explained briefly about how to utilize and even culture magot into fish feed. “Usually after hatching, the 5 days old magot can be utilized as feed for fish. It can be nutritious for fish because it contains fat for fish’s growth,” added him in one video representing how to culture magot from BRBIH Depok at their Youtube channel.
Magot that Has Big Potency
Before we go to magot with one letter ‘g’ than two letter ‘g’ and how it revolutionizes the world of feed, let’s find out what the researches said about this natural feed for fish culture. According to Melta Rini Fahmi, researcher at BRBIH Depok, the term with a ‘g’ often they used in daily basis because in the past maggot still had negative image and still was referenced to the common fly maggot. 
“And public often reference the term maggot as something dirty from waste. We wanted to avoid that image, because BSF magot is far more useful than comes from a waste. We wanted to make campaign specializing to BSF magot, just with one letter ‘g’,” said Melta in webinar BSF part 2 from Dewan Guru Besar IPB recently.
Years after years involving in magot research, Melta and the team not only developing the campaign of magot utilization, but also on how to develop magot as alternative fish feed for farmers. And come closer, the reference magot is quite popular to be recommended to be utilized for fish culture industry, not only small-scale farmer or home-scale farmer. 
Melta said, the explorative researches that researchers doing at the time being are coming better in terms of feed as feed, not also as alternative feed. She gave examples of the researches her team has been doing in commodity giant gouramy and tilapia.
“For example, the on-going researches that we doing are exploring the possibilty of magot feed for giant gouramy. The treatments we set was giant gouramy feed with magot, magot plus pellet, and pellet. Based on the result so far, the growth slightly better at magot. But the other parameters, such as survival rate (SR) don’t show any significant differences,” explained her. 
For tilapia that was going more popular these days, she also referenced the results of some researches. “Based on the researches, commonly, for farmers that want to maximize the protein, it will be profitable to utilize 6-10 days old magot that is still young and can contributes approximately 30 % protein to the feed,” added her.
Later on, she thought that the integrated research and policy could be made in terms of tilapia culture. “According to one research, they (researcher) has already had feed formulation in one area that was developed into tilapia needs at that area. From there, they can formulate how many magot production that they need to fulfil the tilapia needs. That maybe can be considered to make policy in our country,” said her.
And based on policy, Gemi also explained about the government policy in terms of alternative feed such as magot. Gemi told about the major challenges in aquaculture, such as feed management and fish medicine. “Anticipating these challenges, we push independent feed developer and alternative feed such as magot to fulfil the national needs of feed. As one way to reduce import feed raw material,” added her. 
Therefore, in strategies to develop aquaculture, increasing production is one way to stimulate by developing independent feed productions. “So that we also accommodate to develop magot utilization by our regulations, such as ‘Permen KP No 55 tahun 2018 tentang Pakan Ikan’ and so on,” Gemi said.

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